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An Attempt to Study the Water Quality Effects of Lignite ...

An Attempt to Study the Water Quality Effects of Lignite Strip Mining in Texas A report by L. Joy Mercier For GIS for Water Resources On Friday, December 2, 2011

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Effects of coal strip mining on stream water quality and ...

Strip mining for coal in southwestern Washington may be affecting the water quality of streams. To investigate these possible effects, five streams were selected for study of water quality in each of the two coal bearing areas: the Centralia-Chehalis coal district, and Kelso-Castle Rock coal area. In the Centralia-Chehalis coal district, three of the streams have drainage basins in which mines ...

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Agriculture and Strip Coal Mining - AgEcon Search

Agriculture and Strip Coal Mining • By George H. Walter Strip coal mining does not cover much land area. Yet these operations produced about one-sixth of the total coal production of the United States in 1945. At the same time the mining operations have repercussions on the farms, the farm families, and the communities in the local areas.

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GROUND-WATER MOVEMENT AND EFFECTS OF COAL STRIP .

high-wall lake. Strip mining can alter both the hydraulic and geochemical characteristics of hydrologic systems in the mined area. To administer coal-mining regulations, State and Federal agencies need to assess the probable effects of strip mining on the movement and quality of ground water.

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OHIO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL .

OHIO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PERMIT AUTHORIZATION TO DISCHARGE WASTEWATER FROM COAL STRIP MINING ACTIVITIES UNDER THE NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM In compliance with the provisions of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1251 et. seq., hereafter referred to as "the Act"), .

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Litter and Strip Mining: Environmental Implications

Nov 08, 2011 · As far as litter is concerned, with all the organic alternatives available in the market, strip mining for litter does appear to be somewhat redundant. Stripping the surface off the earth for litter that is, in fact, harmful for cats hardly makes sense.

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How does mountaintop removal affect our water ...

Most of this pollution, according to the state report, comes from "resource extraction," which is primarily strip mining but also includes logging and land disturbance from oil and gas drilling. The primary pollutant is sedimentation, which carries with it a variety of toxic metals and salts, including selenium.

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Images of Mountaintop Removal Mining | Earthjustice

Mountaintop removal coal mining, often described as "strip mining on steroids," is an extremely destructive form of mining that is devastating Appalachia. In just a few decades, more than 2,400 miles of streams and headwaters that provide drinking water for millions have been permanently buried and .

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Strip mining | Britannica

Strip mining, removal of soil and rock (overburden) above a layer or seam (particularly coal), followed by the removal of the exposed mineral. The common strip-mining techniques are classified as area mining or contour mining on the basis of the deposit geometry and type. The cycle of operations for ...

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Chapter 23 Guide: Minerals and Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

Chapter 23 Guide: Minerals and Mining. STUDY. PLAY. ... the resource is extracted. Then, the soil and rock are replaced. Strip mining is commonly used to mine coal, sand, and gravel. What is one common environmental impact of this type of mining? ... iron, and aluminum into surface waters, contributing to water quality degradation.-Central ...

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Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.

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Effect of strip mining on water quality. Project ...

The report deals with two separate topics, the effect of strip-mining on water quality of Little Mill Creek, Ohio, and infiltration of water on strip-mine spoil banks. Chemical water quality in Little Mill Creek was measured for 236 weeks. Two of four sampling points received effluent from a coal ...

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Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

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Litter and Strip Mining: Environmental Implications

Nov 08, 2011 · As far as litter is concerned, with all the organic alternatives available in the market, strip mining for litter does appear to be somewhat redundant. Stripping the surface off the earth for litter that is, in fact, harmful for cats hardly makes sense.

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Issues - The Phosphate Risk

Strip mining removes 20 to 40 feet of the surface of an area to get to the phosphate. In the process, the entire environmental system, including the surface and underground water flows; topography, animals and plants are changed. Large amounts of water are retained during the mining process.

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Issues - The Phosphate Risk

Strip mining removes 20 to 40 feet of the surface of an area to get to the phosphate. In the process, the entire environmental system, including the surface and underground water flows; topography, animals and plants are changed. Large amounts of water are retained during the mining process.

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Chapter 2: The Environmental Effects of Strip Mining - The ...

Chapter 2: The Environmental Effects of Strip Mining ... Of course, removal of moun taintops may also damage the aesthetic quality of an area. Mountaintop removal mining is occurring more and more frequently, and citizens' efforts to stop it through litigation have proven largely unsuccessful.

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Is strip mining good or bad? - Answers

Strip Mining is the practice of mining a seam of mineral, by first removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock. ... 'Effects of coal strip mining on stream water quality and biology ...

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Strip Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Surface mining of coal is an alternative to underground mining, and it is practiced as strip mining, the most common form, and auger mining. Some coal is also produced through dredging and culm bank (i.e., anthracite waste piles) recovery, but these quantities tend to be relatively small compared to underground, strip, and auger mining.

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Mountaintop removal for coal hurts water quality and harms ...

Jul 13, 2014 · Research such as the USGS's mountaintop mining study, published online early this month by the Society for Freshwater Science, is viewed with suspicion in coal country, where mining .

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Ecological Impacts of Mountaintop Removal > Appalachian Voices

The Appalachian region is home to one of the oldest and most biologically diverse mountain systems on the continent. Tragically, mountaintop removal mining has already destroyed more than 500 mountains encompassing more than 1 million acres of Central and Southern.Read more ›

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